"The object of this little book is to introduce to themselves any who are not yet acquainted with their own worth..." (p. 108)
"[How shall we] find the particular piece of brotherly work appointed for us to do?" (p. 105)Mason's solution is perceptive and simple: we must "lay ourselves out for instruction," and then act on "that principle of love which alone gives us a right to do service to others": finding out what people want before we impose our "help." She calls for acts of love that are both discriminating and considerate, that understand "the greatness of the poorest human soul." Often, she says, the best opportunities are right outside our doors.
And what about our own issues? "To know ourselves is wisdom," Mason says (p. 106). Like the problem of outreach, bad experiences or misplaced humility can keep us from desiring self-awareness. But if we don't know the wealth we have, it's the same as not having it (have you ever read A Girl of the Limberlost?).
"...the Son of Man came to show us all that we may be when we do not reject the indwelling of our God." (p. 107)
So what self-knowledge is the right sort? Celebration of our inheritance! Our Personsoul lands and woods and streams! The fact that we're made in God's image, to be His children, and that we share something of His nature not only with Him but with other humans! (Now we're back to Sociology! Well, we do not live in a vacuum.)
Mason ends her section on the Instruction of Conscience with a note of encouragement. The Conscience does not exist in a lab or a classroom, to be constantly prodded, analyzed, and tested for optimum functioning. Decide to know, she says, and then go live. It's that simple.